Rukun (syarat sah) Kalimah Tauhid/Syahadah


Assalammualaikum,

Sebilangan besar umat Islam hari yakin diberikan syurga tanpa berpandukan Al-Quran dan Hadis. Banyak pula yang beriman dengan sangkaan semata-mata. Bersandarkan sangkaan ini mereka tidak mengendahkan larangan agama dan dosa besar, termasuklah sebilangan mereka yang bergelar ahli agama. Mereka menyangka mereka sebaik-baik makhluk. Oleh itu mari kita bersama renungi sendiri adakah kita orang yang sebenar-benarnya  beriman, atau sebaliknya. Allah SWT berkata:

Demi sesungguhnya! Aku akan memenuhi neraka Jahannam dengan semua jin dan manusia (as-Sajdah:13)

Turutlah apa yang telah diturunkan kepada kamu dari Tuhan kamu dan janganlah kamu menurut pemimpin-pemimpin yang lain dari Allah, amatlah sedikit kamu mengambil peringatan…” (al-A’raaf: 4)

Kini mari kita lihat Hadis Qudsi di bawah:

“…Allah berfirman pada hari kiamat: “Hai Adam! Bangkitlah, siapkanlah sembilan ratus sembilan puluh sembilan keturunanmu (untuk ditempatkan) dalam neraka dan satu (di antara mereka itu akan ditempatkan dalam syurga) .” (Ketika Rasulullah menerimanya kemudian menyampaikannya kepada para sahabat), baginda menangis tersedu-sedu, demikian para sahabat lainnya turut menangis lalu baginda bersabda: “Angkatlah kepalamu, Demi Allah Yang Menguasai jiwaku. Dibandingkan dengan umat-umat Nabi lain, umatKu hanyalah bagaikan selembar bulu putih (yang terdapat) pada kulit lembu jantan yang berbulu hitam…” (Hadis qudsi riwayat Tabrani didalam kitab al-Kabir dari Abu Darda’ r.a.)

Berdasar ayat dan hadis di atas, kita dapat memahami 99.9% tidak terlepas daripada ujian Allah SWT. Kenapakah ini berlaku? Mari kita baca artikel yang menjelaskan faktor utama kenapa ramai yang tidak akan terlepas. Faktor membezakan Muslim sebenar atau Munafik yang berpura-pura mengaku dirinya Islam.

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The Conditions of La ilaha illallah

Source: Article by Jamaal al-Din Zarabozo from AL-BASHEER magazine (Vol.7, No.5)

Every Muslim knows that the key to Paradise is the statement, “There is none worthy of worship except Allah.” Yet too many Muslims simply rely upon this statement and believe that as long as they have made this statement, nothing will harm them. They think they will be granted Paradise because of this mere verbal statement of the Shahadah. There is no question that the mere saying of,” I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger,” is not sufficient for salvation. In fact, the hypocrites used to make this statement quite often yet Allah describes them as liars and says that they shall abide in the lowest abyss of the Hell-fire.

As many scholars state, though, this statement or testimony is the key to Paradise. The famous follower Wahb ibn Munabbih was once asked,

” Isn’t the statement of la ilaha illa-llah the key to Paradise?” He answered, “Yes, but every key has ridges. If you come with the key that has the right ridges, the door will open for you. Yet if you do not have the right ridges the door will not open for you.”

That is, the statement must meet certain conditions. These conditions are what will differentiate the person who will benefit from his making of that statement from the one who will not benefit from that statement, no matter how many times a day he may have made that statement.

Before discussing the conditions of the Shahadah, there is one more point that I feel compelled to make. That is, some people have a tendency to take one hadeeth or one verse and then based on that one text, they will make some conclusion that, for example, whoever simply says,” There is no God except Allah,” will enter Paradise. But, actually, we should all realise that all of the Qur’an and Hadeeth complement each other and explain one another. To find the correct position on any one question, one must bring together all of the related verses and hadeeth and see what the true Islamic position is of that question. The same is true for the conditions of the shahadah.

If we study the verses of the Qur’an and the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), we will find that the conditions of the shahadah are seven, eight or nine in number depending on how we look at them. It is important that all of us make sure that we are meeting these conditions in our own lives and in our own testimony of faith. We must do our best to satisfy these conditions before it is too late and our testimony will be of no avail whatsoever. It is not simply for the sake of teaching these conditions, indeed there is no benefit to that. But it is, instead, for all of us to look to ourselves and to make sure that we are actually meeting these conditions so that, by Allah’s mercy, the doors to Paradise will be open for us by our key of la ilaha illa-llah.

1st condition: Knowledge

That is, one must have the basic and general knowledge of what is meant by the shahadah. One must understand what the shahadah is affirming and what the shahadah is denying. Allah says in the Qur’an,

“So know that there is no God save Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sin”(Muhammad : 19)

Similarly, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

“Whoever dies knowing that there is no one worthy of worship except Allaah shall enter Paradise.”(Recorded by Muslim)

In fact, the shahadah itself is a testimony. When one testifies to something, one must know what it is that he is testifying concerns. Obviously, a testimony about something that one does not have any knowledge about is absolutely unacceptable. Allah says in the Qur’an

” Save him who bears witness unto the truth knowingly”(al-Zukhruf : 86)

Now this condition probably sounds obvious; if someone said to you, “There is no God except Allah,” and then said that what he meant by Allah was Jesus, you would immediately tell him that this shahadah is nonsense. Yet can you imagine that there is a Muslim country in the world that until recently used to have a yearly week-long celebration to “the Gods of the Sea”! All along they call themselves Muslims and they make the shahadah numerous times a day. This clearly shows that they have no idea what the meaning of their shahadah is. Do you think that this kind of shahadah will open the doors to Paradise for them? Today, there are many Muslims who wonder why we should not accept secularism. They think that there is nothing wrong with secularism! Many of these Muslims pray five times a day and utter the shahadah repeatedly. Yet they see nothing wrong with accepting a Lawgiver other than Allah? What kind of shahadah are these people making?

All of us do our best to learn at least the basics of Islamic beliefs, the basics of what shahadah means. In this way, Allah willing, we will be making the correct shahadah. We will be witnessing to the truth as we are supposed to be witnesses to it.

2nd condition: Certainty – ‘Al-Yaqeen’

This is the opposite of doubt and uncertainty. In Islam, in fact, any kind of doubt is equivalent to Kufr or disbelief. We must, in our hearts, be absolutely certain of the truth of the shahadah. Our hearts must not be wavering in any way when we testify to the truth of, “There is none worthy of worship except Allah.” Allah describes the believers in the Qur’an as those who have belief in Allah and then their hearts waver not. Allah says,

“the (true) believers are those only who believe in Allah and His messenger and afterward doubt not, but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah. Such are the sincere”(al-Hujuraat : 15)

Similarly, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,

No one meets Allah with the testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah, and he has no doubt about hat statement, except that he will enter Paradise.”(Recorded by Muslim.)

Indeed, Allah describes the hypocrites as those people whose hearts are wavering. For example, Allah says

“They alone seek leave of thee (not to participate in jihad) who believe not in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver”(al-Tauba : 45)

Many scholars have stated that the diseases of the heart, or the doubt and suspicions that one allows into one’s heart, are more dangerous for a person’s faith than lusts and desires. This is because lusts and desires may be satisfied at some time yet the person still knows them to be wrong and he may control himself and repent and give up that evil deed. On the other hand, the doubts and suspicions may linger in the heart, with no cure, until the person finally leaves Islam entirely or continues to practice Islam while, in fact, in his heart he does not have the true faith.

The greatest cure for these doubts is seeking knowledge. It is through sound knowledge of the Qur’an and the Sunnah that most of these doubts will be removed. By study and understanding, one will attain certainty. And as one studies and learns more, his certainty will be made firmer and firmer.

I will give you just one example on this point; this is related to all of the doubts, suspicions and misconceptions that are circulating about the authenticity of the hadeeth literature. For example, some Muslims even claim that hadeeth were not recorded until at least 200 years after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Indeed, there are Muslims who seem to have a great deal of doubt about hadeeth and very quick to reject hadeeth on that basis. But, in fact, if one actually takes the time to study the history and preservation of hadeeth, one will immediately recognise that all those claims and charges against the hadeeth are not based on anything scientific whatsoever. They are nothing but false claims that come from Satan and which Muslims with poor understanding and knowledge have allowed to creep into their hearts.

One last point about this condition of certainty, doubts and misconceptions are very dangerous for a person’s faith. Doubt and wavering are tantamount to apostasy in Islam. Hence, every Muslim should do best to safeguard himself from such doubts and remain away from the sources of doubts- especially if they are not well grounded in the Islamic sciences and do not have the knowledge to refute such doubts and misconceptions. Hence if a person has an associate or friend, even if he be a Muslim friend, who is always making him doubt Allah or the religion, then he should remain away from that person in order to safeguard his own religion.

Many Muslims nowadays study courses on Islam taught by Orientalists and because of their weak backgrounds in Islamic studies, they are influenced by the nonsense that some of these Orientalists are teaching in the name of “science”. Similarly, many brothers and sisters nowadays are spending hours at a time with the computer news groups and bulletin boards. A lot of nonsense and falsehood are posted on those news groups and bulletin boards. Again, the one who is not very knowledgeable of his religion may easily be influenced and affected by the misconceptions and false arguments that he reads in those bulletin boards. He should remain away from those things and get a deeper knowledge of Islam through the authentic sources of the religion. Again, the greatest counterforce that can defeat doubts and misconceptions, after the bounty and guidance of Allah, is sound knowledge and understanding of the religion. When a person has that, he will not be affected by the weak arguments put out by the enemies of Islam and he will be, Allah willing, from among those described in the Qur’an,

” It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah”(Faatir : 28)

3rd condition: Acceptance – ‘Al-Qabool’

If a person has knowledge of and certainty in the shahadah, this must followed by acceptance, with the tongue and heart, of whatever that shahadah implies. Whoever refuses to accept the shahadah and its implications, even if he knows that it is true and certain about its truth, than he is a disbeliever. This refusal to accept is sometimes due to pride, envy or other reasons. In any case, the shahadah is not a true shahadah without its unconditional acceptance. The scholars all talk about this condition as a general condition in the way that I have just stated. However, there is also a more detailed aspect that we must all be aware of. The believer accepts whatever the implications of the shahadah are. This also means that he believes in whatever is stated in the Qur’an or stated by the Prophet (peace be upon him), without any right to choose what he wants to believe and what he wants to reject. Allaah says in the Qur’an,

Do you believe in part of the book and reject part of it? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom”(al-Baqarah: 85)

This is one aspect that the Muslims must be aware of. Although it is not the same as the complete refusal to accept the truth, by rejecting part of the truth that has come from Allah, one also negates his testimony of faith. Unfortunately, many Muslims are doing this nowadays in various ways. Although not all of these forms may necessarily be considered apostasy, they are still very dangerous. For example, if they do not like what is stated in a verse in the Qur’an, they simply reinterpret the verse according to their liking. If they do not like what is stated in a hadeeth, they simply state that the hadeeth must not be authentic although they are not scholars in that area. This kind of behaviour is the antithesis of the behaviour of the true Muslims. Whatever comes from Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him), the true Muslim believes in as the truth. This goes hand in hand with their testimony of faith.

4th condition: Submission and Compliance – ‘Al-Inqiyad’

This implies the actual physical enactment with our deeds of our shahadah. In fact, this is one of the main meanings of the word Islam itself, “the submission to the will and commands of Allah.” This is what Allah commands in the Qur’an,

“Turn unto Him repentant, and surrender unto Him” (al-Zumar : 54)

Allah has praised those who submit to His command by their actions. Allah says,”Who is better in religion than he who surrenders his purpose to Allah while doing good” (al-Nisa : 125)

Actually, Allah has clearly made it a condition of faith that one submits to the command of Allah and His messenger. Allah says,

“But nay, by your Lord, they will not truly believe until they make you [the Messenger of Allah] judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of which you decide, and submit with full submission”(al-Nisa : 65)

Unfortunately, there are many who claim that there is no relationship between faith and deeds. You can even hear one Muslim saying about another, “That is the best Muslim I have ever met,” Yet the other person performs scarcely any of the deeds of Islam whatsoever. This incorrect understanding of faith has spread throughout the Muslim world. Indeed, our shahadah or testimony of faith must be implemented or realised in our hearts, tongues and actions. In our hearts, we must have love for Allah, fear Allah and hope in Him. With our tongues we must testify to the shahadah. And with our actions, we must implement what the testimony of faith requires from us. Anyone who claims to be a Muslim and yet does no deeds, either does not understand Islam whatsoever or is bearing testimony against himself that his testimony of faith is not a true and correct testimony of faith.

This does not mean that the true believer never commits a sin. Indeed, true believers do commit sins, but as long as they recognise that what they did is not correct and it is inconsistent with their obligation of submitting to Allah, then they have not violated the soundness of their testimony or shahadah. But do not forget, they are still sinners. And what is the minimum of submission that is required from a person beyond which there can be no claim to faith? For those scholars who say that the abandonment of prayers is infidelity, it is the five daily prayers. Whoever does not perform, at least, the five daily prayers has gone beyond the limit that is acceptable for lack of deeds. Allah knows best.

5th condition: Truthfulness – ‘As-Sidq’ – as opposed to hypocrisy and dishonesty

This means that when we say the shahadah, we are saying it honestly. We actually mean it. We are not lying when it comes to our testimony of faith. The Prophet (peace be upon his) said,

“No one bears testimony to there being no one worth of worship save Allah, sincerely from his heart, except that Allah makes the Hell-fire forbidden for him.”(Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

We are all familiar with those who say the testimony of faith yet they are not saying it honestly. They do not believe in it but they are simply saying it in order to protect themselves or to get some gain from doing so; these are the hypocrites. Allah has described them in the opening of the Qur’an with the following words,

“And of mankind are some who say, ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ when they believe not. They think to beguile Allah and those who believe, and they beguile none save themselves, but they perceive not. In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increases their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie”(al-Baqarah 8-10)

Obviously, the shahadah of those who become Muslims simply to benefit from being Muslim and not because they believe in Islam will be rejected by Allah in the Hereafter. They will face a painful punishment due to their lying.

6th condition: Sincerity – Al-Ikhlaas’

That is, when we make the shahadah, we must do so solely for the sake of Allah. We must not do it for any other reason. And we must not do it for anyone else’s sake. In this manner, the meaning of sincerity is opposite of Shirk or ascribing partners with Allah. We became and remain Muslims solely for Allah’s sake. Allah says in the Qur’an,

“Worship Allah, making religion pure for him” (al-Zumar : 2)

And Allah also says,”And they are ordained not else than to serve Allah, keeping religion pure for Him, as men by nature upright and to establish worship and to pay the poor-due. That is true religion” (al-Bayyinah : 5)

And the Prophet (peace be upon him) added,

“Allah has forbidden for the Hell-fire anyone who says, ‘There is no one worthy of worship except Allah,’ and say so desiring the face [and pleasure] of Allah.”(Recorded by Muslim)

This is something that we should all think about, especially those of us who grew up in Muslim families and were born Muslim. We should make it very clear to ourselves that we are Muslims only for the sake of Allah. We are not Muslims for the sake of our parents, friends, family or community. It must be clear in our minds that we are Muslims for the sake of Allah first, last and only.

One of the signs that we are Muslims for the sake of Allah is that we do whatever Allah asks of us, regardless of what anybody else desires or wants from us. That is, in the same way that we are Muslims solely for the sake of Allah, all of our actions are done for the sake of Allah. Some people from the Muslim world practice Islam to the extent that it is pleasing to their families. If there is anything in Islam that their families do not like- although their families are Muslim and therefore they actually should like all of Islam- then they do not practice that aspect of Islam. One common example of that nature is mixing between men and women. Such people must sincerely ask themselves why they are Muslims. Are they Muslims for the sake of their parents, friends etc and therefore whatever people like they will do and whatever people do not like they won’t do? Or are they Muslims for the sake of Allah and therefore whatever Allah dislikes they will not do and whatever Allah is pleased with they do?

7th condition: Love – ‘Al-Mahabbah’

That is, the believer loves this shahadah, he loves in accordance with the shahadah, he loves the implications and requirements of the shahadah and he loves those who act and strive for the sake of this shahadah. This is a necessary condition of the shahadah. If a person makes the shahadah but does not love the shahadah and what it stands for, then, in fact, his faith is not complete. It is not the faith of a true believer. And if he loves something more that this shahadah or if he loves something more than Allah, then he has negated his shahadah. The true believer, the one meeting the conditions of the shahadah puts no one whatsoever as an equal to Allah in his love. Allah says in the Qur’an,

“Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is due to) Allah only. However, those who believe are stauncher in their love of Allah”(al-Baqarah : 165)

And elsewhere Allah says

“Say: If your fathers, or your sons, or your brethren, or your wives, or your tribe, or the wealth you have acquired, or merchandise for which you fear that there will be no sale, or dwellings you desire are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. Allah guides not wrongdoing folk”(al-Tauba : 24)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

“Whoever has three characteristics has tasted the sweetness of faith. [The first of these] is that he loves Allah and His Messenger more than he loves anyone else…” (Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

This is one of the most important aspects of Islam yet, for some reason, it is missing from the lives of many Muslims. They act in Islam as if Islam were a chore instead of doing things out of the love of Allah. When Allah orders us to do something, like bear witness to the faith, we should realise that that thing is pleasing to Allah and, therefore, out of our love for Allah, we should be very pleased to do the acts that are pleasing to Allah. But, as I said, this feeling is missing from many, many Muslims today.

8th condition: To Deny Every Other Object Of Worship

Although that is clear in the words of the testimony of faith, it does not seem clear to everyone who makes that testimony. Therefore, I am mentioning it explicitly here. In Surah al-Baqarah, Allah clearly reminds us of this important aspect of the shahadah, the shahadah is not merely an affirmation but it is both and affirmation and a negation. Allah states,

“And he who rejects false deities and believes in Allah has grasped a firm handhold which will never break”(al-Baqarah : 256)

Perhaps the Prophet (peace be upon him) made this point even clearer when he said,

“Whoever says there is no one worthy of worship except Allah and denies whatever is worshipped besides Allah, then his wealth and blood are protected and his accounting will be with Allah.”(Recorded by Muslim)

Although this condition should be obvious to everyone who says the words of shahadah, you can still find Muslims who say the shahadah and then make acts of worship for beings or things other than Allah. You will find them going to the graveyards and worshipping those in the graves. They will perform acts of worship, not for the sake of Allah, but for the sake of the dead “saints” in the grave. What kind of shahadah have these people made? Do you really think that their shahadah will mean anything on the Day of Judgement as long as they believe that acts of worship may be done for other than Allah?

9th condition: Adherence to the Shahadah until death

This is must if the shahadah is to mean anything for you in the Hereafter. You cannot rest on your laurels of what you may have done in the past. No, indeed, the shahadah must be your banner until your death. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

“A man spends a long time doing the deeds of the people of Paradise and then he ends his deeds with the deeds of the people of the Hell-fire. And a man spends a long time doing the deeds of the people of the Hell-fire and then he ends his deeds with the deeds of the people of Paradise.” (Recorded by Muslim)

In another hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,”By the One whom there is no other God, one of you does the actions of Paradise until there is just a hand span between him and Paradise and then the book [preordainment] overtakes him and he does the actions of the people of Hell and he enters into it” (Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

And Allah says in the Quran,

“O believers, observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as Muslims [surrendering yourselves to Allah]“(al-Imran : 102)

Dear brothers and sisters, these are the conditions of the shahadah. These are the aspects of the shahadah that each and every one of us should look to in ourselves and ask ourselves, “Is my shahadah meeting those requirements? Am I saying it sincerely, honestly and out of love for Allah? Am I saying it based on what it really means? Am I denying all other false objects of worship?

These questions we should ask ourselves now before we meet Allah. Allah willing, we shall ask ourselves these questions now and we shall find that we have all the right answers for them. Or, if we find we have some deficiency, we shall work to remove that deficiency. Such that, by Allah’s mercy, in the Hereafter, our shahadah will be the key to Paradise for us and the gates of Paradise will swing wide open for us and we will be able to live forever in the bounties of Paradise, with Allah being pleased with us.

Again, it is not simply a matter of knowing these conditions. Indeed, one can meet many Muslims who have these conditions memorised, yet when one looks to their deeds and behaviour, one can see that these conditions have no effect on them. This means, in fact, no matter how well he knows and can rattle off these conditions, he, in fact, is not fulfilling them. In the Hereafter, his knowledge of these conditions will be of no avail to him. Indeed, his knowledge will be a proof against him as he clearly knows what the conditions are that he must satisfy yet he has shown that he is not willing to satisfy them in his life.

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The Conditions and Prerequisites of the Shahadatain

Source:  As-Sunnah Newsletter – As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 9

The Conditions of Shahadatain:

The Conditions of La ilaha illAllah

La ilaha illAllah has seven conditions. The testification does not benefit those, who (merely) utter the testification, unless he fulfils all seven conditions;

1. Knowledge that negates ignorance
2. Certainty that negates doubt
3. Acceptance that negates rejection
4. Submission that negates abandonment
5. Sincerity that negates Shirk (associating partners with Allah)
6. Truthfulness that negates Falsehood (meaning hypocrisy)
7. Love that negates its opposite, which is hatred

The detailed explanation of these seven conditions is as follows:

The First Condition: Al-Ilm – Knowledge: Knowledge of the meaning of the testification and its intent, for example, what the testimony negates and what it affirms – a knowledge that negates ignorance. Allah says, ‘except those who bear witness to the truth, and they know…’ [Soorah az-Zukhruf (43): 86]

those who bear witness,’ means they witness, ‘La ilaha illAllah,’ ‘and they know,’ by their hearts what they witnessed by their tongues. So, he who utters it but does not have the knowledge of it, then the testimony will not benefit him, because he did not believe in the intent of testification.

The Second Condition: Al-Yaqeen – Certainty: The testifier should be certain of it’s (testification’s) meaning, for, if he doubts in it then the testimony will not benefit him. Allah says, ‘Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not…’ [Soorah al-Hujurat (49): 15]

So, if he doubts, then he is a hypocrite. Allah’s Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Whoever you meet behind this wall testifying ‘La ilaha illAllah,‘ with certainty in his heart, then give him the glad tiding of Jannah.‘ [Saheeh al-Bukharee] Thus, he who does not have certainty in his heart does not deserve to enter Jannah.

The Third Condition: Al-Qubool – Acceptance: Acceptance of what the testimony necessitates like, worshiping Allah alone, and abandoning the worship of other than him. Because, he, who utters the testimony but does not accept it and does not adhere to it, then he is from among those regarding whom Allah says, ‘Truly, when it was said to them, ‘La ilaha ill-Allah‘, they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said, ‘Are we going to abandon our aaliha (gods) for the sake of a mad poet? [Soorah as-Saaffaat (37): 35-36] This is the situation of the grave-worshipers of today; they say, ‘La ilaha illAllah,’ but do not refrain from worship of the graves and thus, they are not accepting the meaning of, ‘La ilaha illAllah.’

The Fourth Condition: Al-Inqiyad – Submission: Submitting to what the testimony indicates. Allah says, ‘And whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allah, while he is a Muhsin (doer of good) then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold…’ [Soorah Luqmaan (31):22]

The most trustworthy handhold is, ‘La ilaha illAllah,’ and the meaning of, ‘submits his face,’ is sincere submission to Allah.

The Fifth Condition: As-Sidq – Truthfulness: To witness the testimony with truthfulness in one’s heart. He, who utters the testimony while his heart is not certain about its truthfulness, then he is a lying hypocrite. Allah says, ‘And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say, ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day’ while in fact, they believe not. They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies.‘ [(2): 8-10]

The Sixth Condition: Ikhlas – Sincerity: It is purification of the action from all blemishes of Shirk, such that one does not utter it for the pleasures of the world, riyaa (showing off) or fame as is known from the authentic Hadeeth, ‘Allah has prohibited the Fire for the one, who says, ‘La ilaha illAllah’ seeking by it, the face of Allah.’ [Agreed upon]

The Seventh Condition: Muhabbah – Love: Love for the testimony, its intent and those who act upon its prerequisites. Allah says, ‘And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah more (than anything else)‘ [Soorah al-Baqarah (2):165] So, the people of, ‘La ilaha illAllah’ love Allah with sincere love while the people of Shirk love Him and others besides Him and this negates the prerequisites of La ilaha illAllah.

The Conditions of, ‘Muhammadar-Rasoolullah’

1. Affirming his (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) Prophet-hood and having faith in it inwardly within the heart.
2. Verbally declaring it and affirming it outwardly through the tongue.
3. Following him by acting upon the truth he came with, and refraining from the evil that he has forbidden.
4. Believing in what he has informed about – from the unseen of the past and the future.
5. Loving him more than oneself, wealth, children, parents and the whole of humanity.
6. Giving precedence to his saying over everybody, and acting upon his Sunnah.

The Prerequisites of the Shahadatain

The Prerequisite of ‘La ilaha illAllah’ is to abandon the worship of all other deities other than Allah, as we say in our testimony, ‘La ilaha,’ and worshiping Allah alone as we say in our testimony, ‘illAllah.’ However, many of those who say the testimony contradict its prerequisites, and affirm the Uluhiyah of the creation; the graves, tombs, trees and stones, which is negated by Allah. These people believe that Tawheed is a bidah and reject those who call them to it and criticize those who sincerely worship Allah.

The Prerequisite of ‘Muhammadar-Rasoolullah’ is to follow him, believe in him, refrain from that which he has forbidden, restrict one’s actions to his Sunnah and leave that which contradicts it from the newly invented matters, and give precedence to his saying over everybody else’s saying.

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21 thoughts on “Rukun (syarat sah) Kalimah Tauhid/Syahadah”

  1. Apa pula hakikat syuhadah?. Pentingnya kita mesti faham dulu apa erti atau apa yang tersurat dan tersirat dalam syuhadah itu sebelum kita dapat menghayati syarat2nya….

    Tolong jelaskan …

    1. Di sini dia cakap “ALLAH IS NOT A GOD“… reason, the true meaning of kalimah tauhid ialah “Tiada tuhan, Hanya Allah“… Mengikut buku tu, jika kita fahamkan kalimah sebagai “Tiada tuhan yang aku sembah selain Allah”, maka maksudnya Allah SWT adalah satu di antara tuhan-tuhan yang kita nafikan…. penyekutuan lah tu (Surah Al-Ikhlas, tiada satu pun yang menyamai Allah). Ini kerana perbezaan di antara “SELAIN ALLAH” dan “HANYA ALLAH“… “Selain Allah” bermaksud terdapat kategori tuhan-tuhan lain, tetapi kita nafikan… Manakala “HANYA ALLAH” adalah penafian menyeluruh tiada konsep ketuhanan. Yang ada “HANYA ALLAH”, pengabdian dan ibadah (vs sembahan).

      Ada pendapat mengenai kandungan buku tu?

      and bab hakikat niee… saya memang tak minat berbincang secara terbuka kerana setelah baca buku-buku hakikat, penerangannya sangat mengarut dan khayalan semata-mata… saya kembalikan pengetahuan hakikat itu kepada “Wallahualam“, Hanya Allah dan RasulNya yang lebih mengetahui…. Tugas hamba di dalam Islam adalah sangat mudah, “kami dengar, kami patuh” kepada arahanNya… hanya selepas itu Allah SWT sendiri yang akan menguruskan dan memasukkan hidayah, keimanan dan apa-apa pengetahuan yang dikehendakiNya…. Ianya bukan satu kewajipan manusia untuk memikirkan sesuatu yang di luar batasan kemampan akal fikiran manusia, dan bukanlah juga ia sesuatu yang boleh diperhujahkan secara terbuka (bagi mengelakkan salah faham).

      Dia lah yang menurunkan kepadamu Kitab Suci Al-Quran. Sebahagian besar dari Al-Quran itu ialah ayat-ayat “Muhkamaat” (yang tetap, tegas dan nyata maknanya serta jelas maksudnya); ayat-ayat Muhkamaat itu ialah ibu isi Al-Quran. Dan yang lain lagi ialah ayat-ayat “Mutasyaabihaat” (yang samar-samar, tidak terang maksudnya). Oleh sebab itu adapun orang-orang yang ada dalam hatinya kecenderungan ke arah kesesatan, maka mereka selalu menurut apa yang samar-samar dari Al-Quran untuk mencari fitnah dan mencari-cari Takwilnya (memutarkan maksudnya menurut yang disukainya). Padahal tidak ada yang mengetahui Takwilnya melainkan Allah. Dan orang-orang yang tetap teguh serta mendalam pengetahuannya dalam ilmu-ilmu ugama, berkata:” Kami beriman kepadanya, semuanya itu datangnya dari sisi Tuhan kami” Dan tiadalah yang mengambil pelajaran dan peringatan melainkan orang-orang yang berfikiran: Ali-Imran: 7

  2. Dalam kalimah syuhadah tauhid diertikan.. tiada tuhan yang disembah selain Allah dan kalimah rasul diertikan ..nabi muhammad itu pesuruh Allah..

    Boleh jelaskan kenapa para alim ulama syariat menterjemahkan begitu..cuba lihat pada kalimah tauhid..la ilaha ila Allah..tiada pun perkataan faabuduhu dan rabbi pada kalimah tauhid tersebut. Bagitu juga pada kalimah rasul..muhammadarusullah..tiada pun perkataan nabiyin pada kalimah rasul tersebut..Jadi sya berpendapat erti sebenar kalimah tersebut dalam bahasa melayu adalah..La (tiada)Ilaha(nyata)Il(hanya) Allah (Allah)…Tiada Nyata Hanya Allah dan Muhammadarusullah..Muhammad (diri batin) itu pesuruh Allah.. Hakikatnya ada 4 martabat pada kalimah tersebut..Martabat Zat, Martabat hakikat Muhammad, Martabat Asma dan Martabat roh manusia yakni makam Alif..

    Harap dapat penjelasan..

    1. w’salam, susah nak jawab dan banyak fitnah, baikler persoalan ruh dijawab sendiri setelah kenal diri… i’nsyaAllah, usaha lagi tekan nafsu.

      1. Salam terima kasih..bukan apa text di dlam laman ini tidak menyakinkan dan boleh jadi fitnah..contohnya “muhammadarusullah” diertikan nabi Muhammad itu pesuruh Allah….bererti Islam tu baru wujud pada zaman Rasullulah lah..atau apa rasullulah tu mempunyai kalimah sendiri..Syuhadah(iman) adalah rukun Islam pertama jadi kalau tak faham hakikatnya bagaimana nak beriman. Firman Allah dlam Hadis Qudsi yng maksudnya..Manusia itu adalah rashiaKu dan diri Akulah rashianya..

        Wassalam..

      2. Saya setuju dengan apa yang saudara cakapkan.. namun perkara ilmu yang saudara maksudkan perlu kita batasi dengan kemampuan diri kita, terutamanya bagi perkara yang melibatkan persoalan roh dan seperti hadis Qudsi yang saudara katakan (Manusia itu adalah rashiaKu dan diri Akulah rashianya)…

        Mari kita berganjak lebih sedikit dan memahami apakah itu ilmu, iman dan amal?

        Bilakah ianya bermula? Adakah dengan sekadar membaca buku? Berguru? Mendapat ijazah dari pengajian Islam? Mengaji pondok? Bagaimana pula dengan ulama, adakah mereka orang yang mempunyai ilmu? Orang yang beriman? Beramal dan telah mencapai solat yang mempunyai “ijab dan kabulnya” atau sekadar solat “pementasan tae-kwon-do” yang sedap mata memandang? murahnya agama…

        Inilah kekeliruan zaman ini terutamanya apabila mendefinisikan ulama… Jika mengikut definisi Al-Quran, ulama adalah orang yang paling takut kepada Allah swt tetapi banyak ulama hari ini tidak sebegitu. Ramai juga yang mempermainkan agamanya…

        Kenapa? Adakah Al-Quran itu salah? Bagaimana pula dengan maksud iman? Al-Quran mendefinasikan orang beriman ialah orang yang bergoncak hatinya dengan ketakutan apabila sekadar mendengar nama Allah swt. Adakah hati kita bergoncak apabila mendengar nama Allah swt? Bagaimana jika kita mengetahui perkara yang kita lakukan menimbulkan kemurkaan Allah swt, atau menonton paha wanita di tv, ada rasa bergoncak jantung kerana takutkan Allah swt?

        Hakikatnya Al-Quran itu tidak mempunyai kesalahan, tetapi kita sendiri tidak memahami ilmu yang dimaksudkan… Ilmu dan keimanan sebenar (merujuk ayat “beriman dan beramal soleh”) hanya bermula setelah kita kenal diri (nafsu mutmainnah)… Apabila kita mula mengenal diri, maka bermulalah peringkat iman, ilmu dan amalan sebenar. Bermulalah peringkat “Kami dengar (ilmu), Kami Patuh (amal)”. Ketika itu kita umpamnya telah memasuki peringkat daftar persekolah darjah satu…

        Buktinya? Kita lihat kepada kisah Rasulullah saw sendiri dan mengikut peringkat di bawah:

        (a) Peringkat jihad nafsu (Gua Hira – 13 thn)
        (b) Peringkat Ilmu (bermulanya perintah “Bacalah!”)
        (c) Peringkat Ilmu dan Amal, dan “Kami dengar, Kami Patuh” (penurunan Al-Quran secara berperingkat membolehkan peringkat amal – 23 thn))
        (d) Peringkat Haji (di mana agama dan “Kami dengar, Kami Patuh” telah disempurnakan sepenuhnya)
        (e) Peringkat Wasiat

        Pada peringkat awalnya, Rasulullah bermujahadah selama 13 tahun berjihad dengan nafsunya… Apabila ruhnya telah benar2 bersedia, maka setelah itu barulah baginda memasuki peringkat ilmu (Bacalah!). Setelah itu juga baginda dijemput berjumpa Allah swt (bandingkan kisah Nabi Musa a.s., yang memohon menemui Allah swt tetapi ruhnya belum bersedia).

        Maka itu adakah kita ini lebih mulia daripada Rasulullah saw dan dapat memahami persoalan roh tanpa berjihad menekan nafsu, sedangkan Rasulullah saw sendiri memerlukan 13 tahun sebelum bermulanya ilmu? Adakah kita ini lebih mulia dan dapat memahaminya berbanding perjuangan para sahabat, empat imam dan Imam Ghazali? Adakah permahaman persoalan roh itu bergantung kepada sekeping kertas sijil? Gelaran Ulama atau menduduki kerusi Majlis Ulama? Ilmu hafal atau faham?

        Atas dasar ini juga kita dapat melihat kehancuran agama kerana ulama hari ini adalah bukan sebenar-benar ulama dan tiada ruh di dalam apa yang disampaikannya, tetapi menjadi racun kepada masyarakat… menghafal syariatnya tetapi tidak memahami intipati atau roh ilmu tersebut… badan mereka gemuk bermuka gempal dan perutnya sentiasa kenyang tidak pernah kelaparan, bebal sepertimana nafsu dan hati mereka… Banyak juga yang jelas sifat kemunafikannya, bongkak, takbur dan hidup bermatlmat menghancurkan agamanya sendiri… masih bernafsukan nafsu ammarah (haiwan), dan masih tertarik kepada hiburan, wang dan kuasa… jika haiwan terpekik terlolong apabila lapar dan sepi apabila kenyang.. begitulah juga kehidupan mereka.. melalak terlolong jika lapar dan tersepit…

        Kini apakah yang terbaik? Saya berpendapat adalah lebih baik tidak membicarakan persoalan yang tidak mungkin kita fahami kecuali ianya akan membawa fitnah dan kesesatan kepada diri kita… Kita ini seumpama belum bermula atau berada di peringkat sekolah tadika… dan adakah kanak2 tadika itu mampu membicarakan subjek menengah atau universiti? Apakah yang boleh dicapai oleh kanak2 tadika?

        Jadi gunakanlah masa yang ada untuk berjihad menekan nafsu sehingga tahap yang diperlukan (“..orang yang menjadikan hawa nafsunya: TUHAN yang dipatuhinya..” (45:23)).. Adalah lebih bermanfaat kita ikuti sahaja perjalanan Rasulullah saw selama 13 tahun itu… atau berpuasa 6 bulan dengan sekadar meminum air kosong dan sesuap nasi putih… atau juga 100 hari berjalan kaki tanpa tidur barang sesaat sambil tidak putus wudhuk dan zikir bagi menekan nafsu sekuat-kuatnya. Ini kerana perubahan peringkat nafsu itu memerlukan tahap yang benar2 maksimum, dan bukan sekadar sambil lewa menjalani kehidupan…

        Hanya selepas itu barulah kita sedar rupa2nya iman kita ini tidaklah wujud seperti yg disangkakan dan hanyalah ucapan kosong semata2 (Dan demi sesungguhnya! Jika engkau bertanya kepada mereka (musyrik) itu: “Siapakah yang mencipta langit dan bumi?” Sudah tentu mereka akan menjawab: “Allah” 39:39)…. Masih tidak beriman dan sekadar beriman dengan nafsu dan memilih ibadah yg disukai, serta meninggalkan apa yg tidak disukai (ibadah itu sendiri adalah nafsu, seperti orang Nasara)…. Dengan berjihad nafsu, maka timbullah keinsafan dan harapan, sehinggakan membuahkan tawakkal dan keikhlasan sebenar… kesannya insyaAllah, akan terjawablah persoalan itu bila dikehendak Allah swt. InsyaAllah, akan bermulalah peringkat ilmu dan penerapan amalan asma Allah swt di dalam akhlak kita, iaitu matlamat sebenar bagi orang-orang “beriman dan beramal soleh”.

        Selanjutnya dan hanya setelah itu juga Al-Quran dan nur hidayah akan menjadi cahaya yang jelas bagi segala persoalan ilmu dan roh saudara “Manusia itu adalah rashiaKu dan diri Akulah rahsianya” (sangat2 jelas sehingga seperti tiada lagi apa2 hijab):

        “…Allah yang menerangi langit dan bumi. Bandingan nur hidayah petunjuk Allah adalah sebagai sebuah “misykaat” yang berisi sebuah lampu; lampu itu dalam geluk kaca, geluk kaca itu pula laksana bintang yang bersinar cemerlang; lampu itu dinyalakan dengan minyak dari pokok yang banyak manfaatnya, pokok zaitun yang bukan sahaja disinari matahari semasa naiknya dan bukan sahaja semasa turunnya; hampir-hampir minyaknya itu – dengan sendirinya – memancarkan cahaya bersinar walaupun ia tidak disentuh api; cahaya berlapis cahaya. Allah memimpin sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya kepada nur hidayahNya itu; dan Allah mengemukakan berbagai-bagai misal perbandingan untuk umat manusia; dan Allah Maha Mengetahui akan tiap-tiap sesuatu…” (24:35)

        Sebaliknya dan jika kita sekadar beribadah dan tidak mengambil langkah berjihad nafsu, kehidupan ini umpama sebatang pokok yang kuat dan besar, berbunga tetapi tidak menghasilkan buahya…. hendak ditebang takut nanti akan keluar buahnya, jika hendak disimpan, semak pula halaman rumah…. tiada faedahnya…

        Wassalam.

  3. Salam..Ya saya sangat setuju dengan penjelasan anda. Awalludin makrifatullah. Pentingnya kita ikut sunnah rohani rasullulah, berjihat menekan nafsu sekurang2nya sampai ke martabat asal(semasa lahir)nafsu mutmainah dan seterusnya, jika mampu, ke martabat kamaliah (Al-Mu’minun ayat:7). Jadi tiada jalan lain melainkan melalui proses penyucikan diri.. Al Bathinah (kalbu)… Dalam Hadist Nabi disebutkan: ‘Hati manusia itu ibarat sehelai kain putih yang apabila manusia itu berbuat dosa maka tercorenglah kain putih tersebut dengan satu titik noda kemudian jika sering berbuat dosa lambat laun sehelai kain putih itu berubah menjadi kotor/hitam’. Jadi jika hati nurani sudah kotor maka terkunci nuraninya akan sulit menerima petunjuk dari Allah.Dan apabila berzikir qalbu itu akan bersih semula..demikianlah tugas kita hendaklah menyucikan diri batin agar mendapat hidayah…..etc

    Wassalam

    1. asalamualaikum??fardhu ain(wajib nyata).sy ade membaca buku tokoh2 perjlnan ahli2 sufi,1 imam junaid al,baggdadi.die mngatakan,”AKU mengenali tuhanKU melalui diriKU hingga AKU FANA.maka didalam FANAKU itu AKU mngenalinya melalui diriya sndiri,maka AKU pon hidup”dan juge imam abu yazid al,bustami.ketika kata2nye,”barang siapa yang tidak mencapai FANA dan BAQA brsama ALLAH SWT,maka adalah sesunguhnya apa sahaja kebaikan yang dilakukan adalah dosa dan maksiat semata mata”………hakikat alif ialah noktah,hakikat noktah ialah cecair,hakikat cecair ialah debu-debuan(antom2)hakikat debuan ialah unsur,hakikat unsur ialah CAHAYA ALLAH SWT…….

      1. w’salam, ilmu tanpa menekan nafsu sehabis2nya tidak akan mencapai apa2…

        cuba pertimbangkan jalan ini. yg asas… beribadah dan banyak2 bertaubat, berlapar dgn sesungguhnya, dan bersedekah kesemuanya…

        Bukankah ini yang dilakukan oleh Rasulullah saw dan para sahabat sepanjang kehidupan mereka?

        oleh itu cuba renungi juga, kenapa pula kehidupan umat hari ini menjadi berbeza 360 darjah, sedangkan semuanya seagama (jala kehidupan) dgn mereka?

        Kenapa pula ramai yg memusuhi dan mencela jalan kehidupan sebegini?

    1. encik ni mmg orang yg hebat, ini baru kali pertama saya bertemu orang yg telah “mengenal” di blog… saya belum sampai ke peringkat itu, dan tidak layak membicarakan perkara yang setinggi pengetahuan encik hanif…. :)

  4. ASALAMUALIKUM??sesunguhnya 2 kalimah syahadah junjngan kite mempnyai,FARDHUNYA?KESEMPURNAANYA?RUKUNNYA?SYARAT SAHNYA?BINASANYA?dan sesnguhnya syahadah itu ialah LAILAHAILLALLAH MUHAMMAD RASULULLAH…sy hndak bertnye dngan encik ED untuk mnjelaskn kpada sy tntng pnjelsan2 2 kalimah syahadah tersebot?untuk diri ini dapat maknye leBih tepat dri encik ED??

    1. W’salam, sekadar maklumat terkandung di atas dan dipetik daripada “…Source: Article by Jamaal al-Din Zarabozo from AL-BASHEER magazine (Vol.7, No.5)…”.

      Jika perlukan rujukan lanjut dan mendalam, lebih afdal mencari jawapannya drpd ulama sendiri, berbanding bertanya di blog atau forum…

      Renungan yang menarik utk dikongsi bersama:

      “….Dia lah yang menurunkan kepadamu Kitab Suci Al-Quran. Sebahagian besar dari Al-Quran itu ialah ayat-ayat “Muhkamaat” (yang tetap, tegas dan nyata maknanya serta jelas maksudnya); ayat-ayat Muhkamaat itu ialah ibu isi Al-Quran. Dan yang lain lagi ialah ayat-ayat “Mutasyaabihaat” (yang samar-samar, tidak terang maksudnya). Oleh sebab itu (timbulah faham yang berlainan menurut kandungan hati masing-masing) – adapun orang-orang yang ada dalam hatinya kecenderungan ke arah kesesatan, maka mereka selalu menurut apa yang samar-samar dari Al-Quran untuk mencari fitnah dan mencari-cari Takwilnya (memutarkan maksudnya menurut yang disukainya). Padahal tidak ada yang mengetahui Takwilnya (tafsir maksudnya yang sebenar) melainkan Allah. Dan orang-orang yang tetap teguh serta mendalam pengetahuannya dalam ilmu-ilmu ugama, berkata:” Kami beriman kepadanya, semuanya itu datangnya dari sisi Tuhan kami” Dan tiadalah yang mengambil pelajaran dan peringatan melainkan orang-orang yang berfikiran..”. (3:7)

  5. Sekadar mencari..apa apa ibadah terkandung dalamnya pencarian keredaan Allah, sekaligus meletakkan nafsu pada martabat yang sepatutnya, Baginda besar bukan sahaja melawan nafsu 13 tahun ,mana mungkin, tetapi sepanjang hayat baginda., cumanya iman kita naik turun, begitu juga nafsu, berkadar songsang dengan iman; mengawal dan memerintah nafsu itu sendiri adalah ilmu, nur, petunjuk dan hidayah serta amalan roh yang dibantu illahi– semuanya berlaku serentak – dalam ubudiah Jamal.Jalal, Qahar dan Kamil:- intipati solat. .pencari yg abadi..

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